RESEARCH PAPERS

A Machine Learning Approach to Understanding Patterns of Engagement with Internet-delivered Mental Health Interventions

Chien I, MEng; Enrique A, PhD; Palacios J, MD, PhD; Regan T, PhD; Keegan D, MSc; Carter D, PhD; Tschiatschek S, PhD; Nori A, PhD; Thieme A, PhD; Richards D, PhD; Doherty D, DPhil; Belgrave D, PhD

Can machine learning techniques be used to identify heterogeneity in patient engagement with internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for symptoms of depression and anxiety?

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A pragmatic randomized waitlist-controlled effectiveness and cost-effectiveness trial of digital interventions for depression and anxiety

Richards D, Enrique A, Eilert N, Franklin M, Palacios JE, Duffy D, Earley C, Chapman J, Jell G, Sollesse S & Timulak L (2020)

Utilization of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for treating depression and anxiety disorders in stepped-care models, such as the UK’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), is a potential solution for addressing the treatment gap in mental health. We investigated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of iCBT when fully integrated within IAPT stepped care settings

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The experience of guided therapy: a longitudinal qualitative analysis of client feedback in a naturalistic RCT

J.Jardine, C. Earley, D. Richards, L. Timulak, J E Palacios, D. Duffy, K. Tierney, G. Doherty (2020)

Internet-delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT) is an effective treatment for depression and anxiety disorders. However longitudinal qualitative research into the client’s subjective experience of this form of treatment ‘in the wild’ is relatively scarce. We present an analysis of secondary outcomes in a naturalistic RCT conducted within the UK’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme.

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2020

Richards D, Enrique A, Eilert N, Franklin M, Palacios JE, Duffy D., Earley C, Chapman J, Jell G, Sollesse S & Timulak L (2020). A pragmatic randomized waitlist-controlled effectiveness and cost-effectiveness trial of digital interventions for depression and anxiety. Request a copy
 

2019

Duffy, D., Enrique, A., Connell, S., Connolly, C. & Richards, D. (2019). Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy as a Prequel to Face-To-Face Therapy for Depression and Anxiety: A Naturalistic Observation. Request a copy

Enrique A, Palacios JE, Ryan H, Richards D (2019). Exploring the Relationship Between Usage and Outcomes of an Internet-Based Intervention for Individuals With Depressive Symptoms: Secondary Analysis of Data From a Randomized Controlled Trial. Request a copy

Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Richards, D., & Timulak, L. (2019). Adapting an internet-delivered intervention for depression for a Colombian college student population: An illustration of an integrative empirical approach. Internet Interventions, 15, 76-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.11.005. Request a copy

2018


Book Chapters

Richards, D., Enrique, E., & Palacios, J. (in press). Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. In S. Parry (Ed.), The Handbook of Brief Therapies: A Practical Guide. London: Sage.

Richards., D., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., & Duffy, D. (2018). Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. In Ömer Şenormancı & G. Şenormancı (Eds.), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Clinical Applications (pp. 223-238). Netherlands: InTech. Request a copy

Peer-reviewed journals

Richards D, Duffy D, Burke J, Anderson M, Connell S, Timulak L (2018). Supported Internet-Delivered Cognitive Beavior for Adults with Severe Depressive Symptoms: a Secondary Analysis. Request a Copy
 

Wright, J.H., Owen, J.J., Richards, D., Ells, T.D., Richardson, T., Brown, G.K., Barrett, M., Rasku, M.A., Polser, G., Thase, M. (in press). Computer-assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Richards, D., Timulak, L., (in review). Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural internet-delivered treatment for depression: A systematic review. Global Mental Health.

Richards, D., Duffy., D., Blackburn, B., Earley, C., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., Franklin, M., Clarke, G., Sollesse, S., Connell, S., Timulak, L. (2018). Digital IAPT: The effectiveness & cost-effectiveness of Internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety disorders in the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme: study protocol for a randomised control trial. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1). doi:10.1186/s12888-018-1639-5. Request a copy

Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Richards, D., Timulak, L., Castro-Camacho, L., Mojica-Perilla, M., & Parra-Villa, Y. (2018). Assessing the efficacy of a culturally adapted cognitive behavioural internet-delivered treatment for depression: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1). doi:10.1186/s12888-018-1634-x.  Request a copy

Richards, D., Dowling, M., O’Brien, E., Viganó, N., Timulak, L. (2018) Significant events in an internet-delivered (Space from Depression) intervention for depression. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 18, 35-48. doi:10.1002/capr.12142.  Request a copy

Wells, M.J., Owen, J.J., McCray, L.W., Bishop, L.B., Ells, T.D., Brown, G.K., Richards, D., Thase, M.E., Wright, J.H. (2018). Computer-assisted cognitive-behaviour therapy for depression in primary care: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Primary Care Companion for the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Request a copy

Richards, D., Duffy, D., Burke, J., Anderson-Gibbons, M., Connell, S., Timulak, L. (in press). A secondary analysis of internet-delivered cognitive-behaviour treatment for adults with severe depressive symptoms. JMIR Ment Health. doi:10.2196/10204

Enrique, A., Burke, J., Richards, D., Timulak, L. (2018) Quality of life outcomes in internet-delivered (Space from depression) treatment for depression. Applied Research in Quality of Life.  Request a copy

Burke, J., Richards, D., & Timulak, L. Helpful and Hindering Events in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Treatment for Generalized Anxiety. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1-14. doi:10.1017/S1352465818000504.  Request a copy


2017

Earley, C., Richards, D., Timulak, L. (2017). Preventing depression: examining the benefits of depression-focused iCBT for participants who do not meet clinical thresholds. Internet Interventions Request a copy

Richards, D., Murphy, T., Viganó, N., Timulak, L., Doherty, G., Sharry, J., & Hayes, C. (2017) Acceptability, satisfaction and perceived efficacy of “Space from Depression” an internet-delivered treatment for depression. Internet Interventions, 5, 12-22. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2016.06.007. 

Palacios, J., Lee, G. A., Duaso, M., Clifton, A., Norman, I. J., Richards, D., & Barley, E. A. (2017). Internet-Delivered Self-management Support for Improving Coronary Heart Disease and Self-management-Related Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/jcn.0000000000000392.  Request a copy

2016

Walsh, A., & Richards, D. (2016) Experiences and Engagement with the Design Features and Strategies of an Internet-Delivered Treatment Programme for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Service-Based Evaluation. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. doi:10.1080/03069885.2016.1153039.  Request a copy

Richards, D, Richardson, T., Timulak, L., Vigano, N, Mooney, J. Sharry, J., Doherty, G, & Hayes, C. (2016). Predictors of depression severity in a treatment-seeking sample. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. doi: Request a copy

Richards, D, Richardson, T., Timulak, L., Vigano, N, Mooney, J. (2016).  Predictores de la gravedad de la depresión en personas adultas que buscan tratamiento . International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. doi:  Request a copy

Frazier, P., Richards, D., Mooney, J., Hofmann, S. G., Beidel, D., Palmieri, P. A., & Bonner, C. (2016). Acceptability and proof of concept of internet-delivered treatment for depression, anxiety, and stress in university students: protocol for an open feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 2(1). doi:10.1186/s40814-016-0068-9. Request a copy

Richards, D., Timulak, L., Rashleigh, C., McLoughlin, O., Colla, A., Joyce, C., . . . Duffy, D., Anderson-Gibbons, M. (2016). Effectiveness of an Internet-delivered intervention for generalized anxiety disorder in routine care: A randomised controlled trial in a student population. Internet Interventions, 6, 80-88. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2016.10.003. Request a copy

2015

Richards, D., Timulak, L., O’Brien, E., Hayes, C., Vigano, N., Sharry, J., & Doherty, G. (2015). A randomized controlled trial of an internet-delivered treatment: Its potential as a low-intensity community intervention for adults with symptoms of depression. Behaviour Research Therapy, 75, 20-31. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2015.10.005.  Request a copy

Richards, D., Richardson, T., Timulak, L., & McElvaney, J. (2015). The efficacy of online delivered treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Internet Interventions, 2(3), 272-282. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2015.07.003. Request a copy

Barley, E. A., Clifton, A., Lee, G., Norman, I., O’Callaghan, D., Tierney, K., Richards, D. (2015) The Space From Heart Disease Intervention for People With Cardiovascular Disease and Distress: A Mixed-Methods Study. JMIR Res Protocols, 4(3), e81. doi: 10.2196/resprot.4280. Request a copy

2014

Morrison, C. & Doherty, G. (2014). Analysing Engagement in a Web-based Intervention Platform through Visualising Log-Data, Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(11):e252. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3575 . Request a copy

Richards, D., Timulak, L., Doherty, G., Sharry, J., Colla, A., Joyce, C., & Hayes, C. (2014). Internet-delivered treatment: its potential as a low-intensity community intervention for adults with symptoms of depression: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 14(147), 1-11. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-14-147. Request a copy

Richards, D., Timulak, L., Doherty, G., Sharry, J., McLoughlin, O., Rashleigh, C., . . . Joyce, C. (2014). Low-intensity internet-delivered treatment for generalized anxiety symptoms in routine care: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15(145), 1-11. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-145. Request a copy

Barley, E. A., Clifton, A., Enright, A., Lee, G., Norman, I., Richards, D. (2014) An online intervention for wellbeing and self-management of CVD: Results from a feasibility trial.

Richards, D., & Salamanca, A. (2014). Point-prevalence of depression and associated risk factors. The journal of psychology: Interdisciplinary and applied, 148(3), 305-326. Request a copy

2013

Sharry, J., Davidson, R., McLoughlin, O & Doherty, G. (2013). A Service-Based Evaluation of a Therapist-Supported Online Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Programme for Depression, J Med Internet Res, 15(6):e121. doi:10.2196/jmir.2248. Request a copy

Richards, D., Timulak, L., & Hevey, D. (2012). A comparison of two online cognitive-behavioural interventions for symptoms of depression in a student population: The role of therapist responsiveness. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 13(3), 184-193. doi: 10.1080/14733145.2012.733715 Request a copy

Richards, D. (2013). Developments in technology-delivered psychological interventions. Universitas Psychologica, 12(2), 571-579. Request a copy

Richards, D., & Viganó, N. (2013). Online Counseling: A Narrative and Critical Review of the Literature. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(9), 994-1011. doi:10.1002/jclp.21974. Request a copy

2012

Doherty, G., Coyle, D. & Sharry, J. (2012). Engagement with Online Mental Health Interventions: An Exploratory Clinical Study of a Treatment for Depression , ACM CHI 2012 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Austin, TX, ACM, pp.1421-1430. doi 10.1145/2207676.2208602. Request a copy

Richards, D., & Richardson, T. (2012). Computer-based psychological treatments for depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 32(4), 329-342. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.02.004. Request a copy

Richards, D., & Timulak, L. (2012). Client-identified helpful and hindering events in therapist-delivered vs. self-administered online cognitive-behavioural treatments for depression in college students. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 25(3), 251-262. doi: 10.1080/09515070.2012.703129. Request a copy

Richards, D., & Timulak, L. (2012). Satisfaction with therapist-delivered vs. self-administered online cognitive-behavioural treatments for depression symptoms in college students. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 41(2), 193-207. doi: 10.1080/03069885.2012.726347. Request a copy

2011

Richards, D. (2011). Prevalence and clinical course of depression: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(7), 1117-1125. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2011.07.004. Request a copy

2010

Doherty, G., Coyle, D. & Matthews, M. (2010). Design and Evaluation Guidelines for Mental Health Technologies, Interacting with Computers, 22(4), pp.43-252. doi 10.1016/j.intcom.2010.02.006. Request a copy

2007

Coyle, D., Doherty, G., Sharry, J. & Matthews, M. (2007). Computers in Talk-Based Mental Health Interventions, Interacting with Computers, 19(4), pp.545-562. doi 10.1016/j.intcom.2007.02.001.   Request a copy